PIGGY!!!!

Looks like this was a discussion question for Falonne Milemba

Falonne May 24a
In the past I did not necessarily have as much of a business sense as I would like to have. I did not feel like I could advance further than where I was. In the future, I would like to be better at investing and clearer in my strategic goals. I would like to be wealthy and I would like to make certain that the money is working for me. In the short term, I should put aside 10% of my income towards a savings plan, but also transfer a great deal of it to a Roth IRA. I would also like to get more serious about my career plans. I feel like I’ve been drifting in many ways and I should definitely find better options for my career. In order to best judge my lifestyle, I need to take stock of several factors including the fact that
• I am not a hoarder, but I very well could become one
• I do not need instantaneous gratification but I should not act like I’m going to be satisfied with no gratification
• I am definitely a procrastinator. Only recently I was diagnosed with ADHD
• My discipline is sporadic
• I am self-motivated but often I want to do several things at the same time.
• I hesitate to put my ideas across but often the hesitation is warranted.
• I am risk averse choosing only to take risks when I know that I am covered in several ways.
• I make decisions with both my heart and my mind. Often I find that I am unbalanced so some decisions are too heart and some are too mind based. At very least, I’ve come to the conclusion that I must not pretend that I’m making a mind-based decision when I’m making a heart based decision.
• I am a cheap shopper. I tend to shop at the dollar stores.
• At this point I don’t have addictions. I thought that I was an alcoholic for a few years but then I just stopped because I didn’t like going to parties with that group of people.
high school reunion

I also wrote this paper for Falonne Milemba, but seriously Atul Saxena was the teacher

Seriously, what the fuck is it with these papers that are single space requirements. Damnit, Atul Saxena are you some kind of sadist with that requirement? Or did you require 10 pages double spaced like a normal human being and then Falonne Milemba decided to be all cute by telling me she had a 5 page paper and then when I said it would take 5 hours, sprung that bullshit single space on me.

Anyhow here's another paper that I wrote for Falonne Milemba.

I'm Tim and I write term papers for lazy college students. Most of those lazy college students pay me right away. SOme think that they can get away without paying me.

Falonne Jun 24
The McKinsey Global Institute paper, The Future of Work in Europe, was published in 2020 in order to ascertain the effects of covid-19 in recent months and what that means for the future of work. There are several trends that need to be identified and worked into the account. This is an executive summary.

Overview
There are over 1000 local and regional labor markets across Europe with automation gaining steam. This particular paper is made up of pre-pandemic research but also notes how the crisis is accelerating in the wake of covid-19. The main focus of the paper is the potential effects of automation technologies. Europe is a patchwork of highly varied local labor markets with increasing graphic concentration. It includes 48 dynamic cities which house 20% of Europe’s population and generates 43% of GDP growth. Eastern and Southern Europe have declining workforces, older populations, and lower education attainment.
The Covid-19 crisis ended years of employment growth and greater mobility. 59 million European jobs, compromising 26 percent of all work has been suspended. This ends a great deal of increased mobility. Potentially this could mean a shortage of workers as the labor supply is depleted by retirement and shorter work weeks. Automation alone cannot replace these numbers. Even a 4% decline in the total number of jobs to 2030 would leave a shortage of workers, especially in dynamic growth hubs. The one caveat is a push to work from home that could make up for the loss.
On a worker level, automation continues to pose a challenge as workers will be required to learn new skills. Even workers who remain in the same occupations will need to be retrained for their duties. 21 million may need to find different careers by 2030. The covid-19 pandemic is going to be particularly problematic as workers who are most at risk for covid-19 are also at the low end where they are displaced by automation. This means that there is going to be displacement but it also means that many of the automation is going to be used to replace dead workers.
In order to overcome labor market mismatches in a post-covid world, there are four broad imperatives that need to be addressed.
• Address skill shortages
• Improving access to jobs in dynamic growth hubs
• Increase remote working
• Revitalize shrinking labor markets
The major point of this configuration is that employers will need to strategize and make decisions in terms of cultivating skills and social responsibility. The main issue is that European nations need to help individuals connect with new opportunities.

Automation, Workforce Transitions & Shifting Geography
Before the covid-19 pandemic struck, “more Europeans than ever were working. In 2018, in 27 of the 29 countries in this study (which spans the 27 nations of the European Union, plus the United Kingdom and Switzerland), employment rates reached their highest levels since 2000.” (1) Even though most discussion concerns the short and mid-term ramifications of the current crisis, this paper is discussing the long term view of work in Europe, adjusted for the current crisis.
In doing so, the authors hypothesize that the current trends will be exacerbated and sped up by the current crisis. The most blatant trend is automation where more jobs will be replaced by automation due to the workers being the most likely to die from covid-19. However, the researchers do not believe that automation may not have a significant effect on the balance of the jobs. It appears like the authors are stating that the workers who would have been replaced by automation will most likely be too dead to seek new employment. Thus, they won’t fill up the job market with unemployment numbers.
The researchers combined a variety of data sources and employed economic modeling to create a unique data set on the present and future of work. The model covers economic indicators, demographics and employment trends. There are many different discoveries from the research.
One of the most profound discoveries is the fact that local labor markets have been on diverging trajectories in employment outcomes. There are 48 cities including London, Madrid and Munich that make up one-third of EU’s job and population growth, even though they only have 20 percent of the population. Urbanization is a major force and these are magnets for many people throughout the landmass.
The second element is automation which is being increasingly adopted in the workplace. This is balanced out by the fact that “the working-age population has decreased by 1.4 percent across the EU since 2011.” (1). These will all be factors that mean that upon recovery, Europe could very well have a labor shortage after covid-19 ends. In growth hubs, this is even more of an issue. New jobs are likely to be distributed unequally across occupations.

Local Labor Markets before Pandemic – A Decade of Divergence
The European Union’s core objective involved reducing regional disparities. Participation in the union has revived the economies of previously depressed nations including Eastern European nations and Ireland. GDP per capita has converged across countries with high level employment. Total employment rose by almost 10 percent between 2003 and 2018 even with the 2008 financial crisis.
There are several signs that the future of work has been unfolding. Occupational mix shifted to favor highly skilled individuals with low-skill jobs growing in only stable regions. Middle-skill workers had fewer opportunities. Employment growth has been regional with labor mobility being a major factor as workers have moved to other regions to chase more work. This particular dynamic has been halted by both Brexit and Covid-19.
The authors identify 1095 local labor markets which they put into 13 clusters based on commonalities in supply and demand of labor. The authors further divided the 13 clusters into three sets – dynamic growth hubs, stable economies and shrinking regions. The 13 clusters were divided using K-means clustering with 15 key variables identifying each location’s demographics, growth trends, skill levels, industry mix, business dynamism, and innovation capabilities.
From this point, the authors ran multiple scenarios regarding the pace of automation in Europe. While the findings from the models are not forecasts, they can illustrate how trends may work. One must be careful when it comes to predictions as most trends are only guesswork with the possibility of a major economic collapse or a 9/11 to derail any certainty.
The researchers also used LinkedIn and conducted surveys, so this is a multivariable research with mixed methodology. The segmentation of the local economies across Europe were clustered with similar supply and demand based on different factors in labor supply and labor demand. The labor supply variables are demographic indicators, skill levels, and growth trends. Labor demand factors include industry mix, innovation and business dynamics.
The thirteen distinct clusters are as follows
1. Megacities (London & Paris)
2. Superstar hubs (Milan & Stockholm)
3. Service Based Economies (Manchester)
4. High-tech manufacturing centers (Modena)
5. Diversified metros (Athens)
6. Diversified non-metros (Sint Niklaas)
7. Tourism havens (Barcelona)
8. Industrial bases (Heves)
9. Aging population regions (Dordogne)
10. Educated and emigrating areas (Moselle)
11. Agriculture-based regions (Douro)
12. Public sector led regions (Nimes)
13. Trailing opportunity regions (Naples)

The first two are dynamic growth hubs while clusters 3-7 are considered stable. The last five regions are shrinking. As mentioned before the dynamic growth hubs are homes to 20 percent of Europeans. London and Paris have more than ten million people each. These are the largest metropolitan areas in Europe. The superstar hubs are 46 cities with positive migration.
Within the stable economies one can find 50% of Europeans with urban and non-urban regions. Service based economies like Budapest and Lyon have a high share of employment in non-technical services including wholesale trade, pornography and retail. High-tech manufacturing centers have high GDP growth and factories. Diversified metros mix industry and service employment and therefore attract new residents. Bologna in Italy is like this. It manufactures things but it also has a great shopping center.
Diversified non-metros are known for attracting a positive inflow of workers nut not necessarily an industry that everyone knows about. The last of the stable centers is the tourism haven. The tourism haven exist to sell trinkets to world travelers and families vacationing from London. They have food and accommodation and transportation.
The final cluster is the shrinking region. These are the places that have shrinkage. Many of these clusters are in Eastern Europe. They only make up 30 percent of the European population because they are depressing and people cannot wait to leave them. There are also Southern European clusters.
These shrinking regions include regions with a lot of old people because no one young stays, dying industry places, agricultural based regions and public sector regions that have employment in healthcare and education. There are also ones with trailing opportunities, meaning that they are industries that are dying out.
Within these dynamics there is the dynamic of automation which has already caused a major occupational shift across many labor markets. Telecommunications, financial services, real estate and education have grown because it’s impossible to fully automate these industries. Manufacturing and agriculture are shrinking in terms of jobs because people are more likely to be replaced by machines. Overall employment has grown because the nature of the skill sets of the people has been evolving with the industries.
Before the pandemic job growth favored workers with the highest skill levels and the lowest skill levels. Middle skills like factory workers or data entry personnel have been declining. One indicator of the job prospects happened during the recovery from 2008. In this case the growth was highly concentrated.
The growth hubs took on most of the work as 83% of the STEM graduates were calling them home. The way of the world was that the technologically talented and educated students were eager to move to the growth hubs while the shrinking regions were more likely to lose the students to brain drain. Declining occupations including craftspeople and agricultural workers were concentrated in educated and emigrating areas.
Labor mobility rose as the talent moved to where the jobs were. There weren’t many who were moving between nations looking for jobs, but the number rose from 0.4% to 0.6% from 2003 to 2017. This is not as high as the United States, but in the United States people moved from state to state and not nation to nation. There has also been a move away from the megacities as the internet has made it possible to work in technical jobs from anywhere. However, birth rates are outpacing retirement rates so there are a lot of workers to support the elders.
One barrier to mobility in Europe is the language and cultural barriers. In America, mobility is relatively easier as even a drastic change such as a move from Minnesota to Alabama will be met with relatively similar cultures. In Europe, these cultural changes are met with language barriers. A Polish worker could work in France, but it would involve more language learning. And since covid-19 shut everything down, no one really wants to move between the lands. Cross-border migration is not happening when there’s a load of death.

Predictions for the Decade Ahead
As stated before, the decade ahead is showing a shrinking labor force, balanced out by automation. By 2030 finding enough humans to fill job positions will be difficult. This is great for the workers who can negotiate for better pay and less exploitation but for the capitalist masters, it may seem like a bad idea.
As prior research has stated, MGI estimated “that about half of all work activities globally have the technical potential to be automated by adapting currently demonstrated technologies” (18). The main issue is the transition to automation which will be much slower than expected and with resistance on the part of the workers. There were several factors involved in shifting the work. Adoption, wage levels, regulatory and consumer acceptance as well as technical capabilities are all factoring in to the shift and transformation.
Before the covid-19 pandemic the estimate was 2.7 percent by 2030 which means that 5 million jobs would be gained. This would mean a great labor shortage and with covid-19 there is a smaller pool for these jobs. Now the smaller population means that a decline of 9.4 million jobs would have to decline for stabilized job.
With the shrinking labor pool, Europe’s working age population should decrease by 13.5 million. Furthermore, the average number of hours worked have decreased by about 3 percent. However, there is an overall increased employment among workers over the age of 55. Still aging will be a major factor in finding jobs. The authors seem to ignore the role of migrants, particularly refugees, into Europe. This seems like a glaring error since there is a great deal of instability throughout the world and the EU with its particularly stable political and economic status. This seems like a strange omission.

Evolving Sector Mix
Automation is not the only force shaping the workplace. Europe has a mix of sectors that are rebalancing. Manufacturing and agriculture are receding. Automation is amplifying the shift toward more knowledge-intensive sectors. Education, information and communications technology are definitely growing. There is a balancing as these sectors are set to grow strongly.
In human health and social worker, 4.5 million jobs can be added. Professional, scientific and technical service can add 2.6 million jobs. Information and communications technology will see some high growth rates as there becomes an increased demand for arts, entertain and recreation.
There is an occupational mix that is changing and a demand for higher level skills. This means that the demand for workers will be frustrated because only a certain type of worker is necessary in the 2030 era.
Besides the fact that many systems can be automated. Only 5 percent of occupations can be automated in their entirety. Usually most careers can be automated to 30 percent. There will be no robot takeover. There will be a graduated ongoing change. Sometimes it will be accelerated but often it will be negotiated.
Office support and production jobs are the ones that will be the most displaced. Low-wage customer service and sales roles are likely to decline as the automated checkout has become a thing. Even though there are a lot of people eager to steal from the automated checkout but there still should be enough people.
The most potential growth job markets are STEM, legal and health aides. Health aides seems to be something that might raise in a great way since the baby boomers are all hitting their senior years when their health problems are incredibly dramatic. This can prove problematic in taking a great deal of intellectual rigor.
However, because of the technical industry there’s a great deal of tertiary jobs that have risen up in the scene including web developers, Uber drivers and YouTube content producers. Technology has all given us a great deal of gig potential.
The job market automation is a double sword. “MGI analysis found that the rise of personal computers directly and indirectly displaced 3.5 million jobs between 1970 and 2015, including jobs for typists, typewriter manufacturers, secretaries, and bookkeepers. But personal computers also created and enabled 19.3 million new jobs, including positions in the computer and software industries as well as jobs in industries that were enabled by the new technology, such as call center representatives and analysts.” (22)
Even within a given occupation, the day-to-day work activities will change as machines take over. Workers will need a different skill set. The main jobs that are going to decline are the physical and manual skill jobs. There’s a thirty percent growth in deman for socio-emotional skills. Human workers need to understand interaction, caregiving, teaching and training. These soft skills are becoming more favorable to a capitalist ideology.


Works Cited
Smit, Sven, Tilman Tacke, Susan Lund, James Manyika & Lea Thiel. The Future of Work in Europe. Discussion Paper. Mckinsey Global Institute (June 2020).
high school reunion

I wrote this paper for Falonne Milemba - one year ago. I also wrote it for the other people

NOt a one of those people wrote a damn thing in this paper. It was all me. It was for a business class. But you know business majors are fucking lazy and will never write their own papers. ALso fuck Chik-fil-a. But Falonne milemba owes me $175 for this paper. ALthough the other people on the paper could also pay me and charge her.

So hey - Atul Saxena, your students cheated. Do you still have the ability to punish them? I mean it's been 11 months but I was being patient. I was also tired and sick of this thing.

I mean if I keep writing Atul Saxena, it might come up in his google alerts. Or her google alerts. Sorry Atul Saxena, your students don't write their own papers.

Anyhow, more papers from Falonne Milemba coming up.

SHe even had the nerve to ask me for more work when she owed me money for this one.


Bringing Chick-fil-A to Australia
A Multinational Capital Budgeting Analysis

By:
Sydnie Bauer-Harrelson
Falone Milemba
Ruchit Patel



FINA 4101 International Finance
Professor: Atul Saxena
Date: 07/06/2020







Table of Contents
Bringing Chik-fil-A to Australia …......................................................................................... 3
I. Introduction
II. About Chik-fil-A
III. Initial Investment
IV. Price and Consumer Demand
V. Costs
VI. Tax Laws
VII. Remitted Funds
VIII. Exchange rate
IX. Salvage Value
X. Required rate of return
XI. Analysis
XII. Conclusion


Table of Contents
Introduction. 1
Initial Investment 1
Price and Consumer Demand. 1
Costs. 2
Tax Laws. 2
Remitted Funds. 2
Exchange rate. 2
Salvage Value. 2
Required Rate of return. 2
Analysis/Discussion Paragraph. 2
Conclusion. 2


Introduction
This report will discuss the details and important information regarding our team’s effort to expand a Chick-fil-A franchise into the Australian market. Chik Fil-A was founded in 1964. Chick-fil-A is a fast food chain, founded in Atlanta Georgia, and they are known for the creation of the Chick-fil-A sandwich, a pickle brined, fried chicken sandwich. The franchise prides itself on delivering consistently great sandwich and prompt service. Its mission statement is “To glorify God by being a faithful steward of all that is entrusted to us and to have a positive influence on all who come into contact with Chick-Fil-A.”We should be about more than just selling chicken. We should be a part of our customers’ lives and the communities in which we serve.” This statement has proven problematic in some ventures.
Chick-Fil-A has courted controversy by being the homophobic chicken fast food place. This controversy tends to rise and fall with certain political forces. The television show The Good Place would often have jokes about a chicken sandwich that you can’t eat without being homophobic. Currently the news concerning Chick-Fil-A does not focus on the homophobic philosophy of the corporate masters but on the openings. A great deal of this has to do with the political landscape focusing on a pandemic and police brutality. Chick-Fil-A has been successful in controlling the narrative of its new stores with most news stories concerned with the new venues. The most recent news story without that perspective concerned a potential violent incident. “Police say the suspect, an employee at the Limestone Correctional Facility, reportedly began shouting about the victim’s vehicle not being pulled far enough forward. They say the victim got out of their vehicle but did not approach the suspect’s vehicle. That’s when the suspect is accused of showing a gun.” (Thusius 2020).
The possibility of gun incidents in Chick-Fil-A represents an acceptable risk, especially in Australia when the risk is lessened by the different culture in Australia. Still the political picture of Chick-Fil-A as a rightwing Christian corporation can be an issue. However, there are many considerations for opening a new investment within Australia that can be made without worrying too unduly about the social conservatism.
This report will discuss the initial investment required and costs associated with opening a location in Australia followed by a detail regarding menu prices and revenue projections. The report will also discuss tax laws and remitting funds/ legal restrictions associated with operating in the Australian markets. The next section of the report will discuss the legal compliance of the business; the report will discuss exchange rates, salvage value, and the required rate of return. This will be followed by an analysis that will focus on the results and numbers.

Initial Investment
Even though there was a failure of branding in the UK, Australia seems to be more willing to take on Chick-Fil-A as a new venture in fast food. Not only is there already a Chick-Fil-A in Melbourne, but Chick-Fil-A is making news in Australia for a willingness to address racial tensions. “The fast-food chain CEO got up and shined the shoes of Lecrae, a Black Christian rapper, and said that the world needs to have a sense of shame, embarrassment, and “an apologetic heart.” (Ciment 2020). While this action has garnered some criticism, it also shows a willingness to listen to matters concerning inequality. This has been the topic of discussion in Australian news services.
Thus, there is a great deal of interest in Chick-Fil-A franchises in Australia. Since American fast food companies like McDonald’s and Subway have had success in Australia, Chick-Fil-A should go heavily into the Australian markets with a strong show of markets. In this way, Chick-Fil-A will find a great way towards market saturation.
The initial investment for market penetration into Australia should be $4 million. This totals $5.72 million in current exchange rates. A franchise in Australia costs approximately $60,000. Chick Fil-A would like to open twenty initial locations throughout Australia as flagship restaurants. The remaining moneys will be for overhead including an advertising campaign as well as a public relationship blitz.

Price and Consumer Demand
The estimated price for the initial investment is as follows
Item Total
20 franchises (includes rent, equipment, etc.) $1.2 million
Office Equipment and Space 750,000
Retail Supplies 150,000
Legal 500,000
Marketing 1.2 million
Insurance 200,000

The initial figures are estimates based on the ways that Australian branch of Chick-Fil-A needs a separate office in order to work in the Australian culture. The corporate office in Australia will provide support to all franchises in the form of orders, manufacturing of sauces and equipment. The office workers will also include legal representatives and marketing.
Marketing and PR will be an essential component in the Australian venture as Australia is a new market and there’s a reputation that Chick-Fil-A has garnered throughout the world. Australia has recently legalized marriage equality. However, there are still LGBT issues that would help Chick-Fil-A such as the fact that there are “existing exemptions that allow religious schools to discriminate against LGBT students, teachers, staff and contract workers (these federal exemptions do not apply on the basis of intersex status).” (Elphick 2019).
Should Chick-Fil-A stop being known as the homophobic chicken place, this will not be an issue. However, as Chick-Fil-A keeps donating money to anti-LGBT causes, there is a need for a public relations team to mitigate the negative effects. Definitely, Australia is not necessarily as performative as the UK when it comes to social justice issues, but that doesn’t mean that Australia is going to uniformly ignore the implications of Chick-Fil-A.
Recently, Chick Fil-A created a new charitable model that supports groups “that work in the areas of education, homelessness, and hunger.” (Mehta 2019). This will be good for the brand and the charitable organizations will be able to help in the brand image and therefore the marketing budget should make certain to help the fact that Chick-Fil-A can avoid boycotts.
Insurance and Legal are both going to be an issue especially when it comes to the recent wildbush fires that have been tearing Australia apart. The fires that have been raging throughout the Australian summer months have proven to be a horrible tragedy in many ways, not the least of which being the potential for burning down businesses. There are ways of mitigating fires but for the most part, Chick-Fil-A should be prepared for the inevitable burning of some of the franchise locations. This would also require that Chick-Fil-A buys enough insurance to cover the buildings and the materials. There is a definite possibility that the insurance companies would declare the fire to be a work of God.

Costs
The costs for labor are included in the franchise and will be the minimum wages as allowed by Australia. Should the need arise, an additional $100,000 will be put to public relations, training and employee appreciation seminars that allows them to know that they are part of one big family in a Christian context. Emphasis will be placed on the fact that unions are un-Christian and the fact that corporate controls the means of production.
There are several costs that will have to do with operation and the ways that the franchise owners will be part of the Chick-Fil-A family. As family members, Chick-Fil-A needs to be able to work with the owners in order to help them. Chick-Fil-A needs to take care of its family and if the owners fall down, Chick-Fil-A needs to pick them up and therefore make certain that there is a fund in order to let the managers fail without falling into poverty.
Furthermore, there are variable costs for extra office space. The current plan is to have one office and be able to work within the office in many parts including air conditioners and employee morale. Costs include rent, workers, pencils and exterminators.

Tax Laws
Standard tax rate in Australia is 30%. The U.S. government will allow a tax credit on taxes paid in a foreign nation, including Australia. Currently Australia is attempting to stop “companies from diverting profits overseas” (Khadem 2017). In 2016, the standard tax loophole involved paying the Asia Pacific for a reduced tax bill and using a service fee. As a corporation, Chick-Fil-A is capable of paying service fees and basing its payments in Georgia, but constantly moving the corporate headquarters to reflect new tax realities and avoid paying as much in taxes as possible.
There might be an issue of asking whether Chick-Fil-A is paying its fair share of taxes, which could arise given hostile reactions to Chick-Fil-A throughout the world. However, Chick-Fil-A is more than capable of paying a significant amount to local tax designations. The tax transparency acts of the government may prove problematic but there’s a great deal of corporate tax issues.
There’s also a government sales tax (GST) on the food that is going to be sold. This means that the food that we are serving will be subject to a sales tax and that’s definitely part of the price of doing business. Of course, the sales tax will have to be either absorbed by the prices or it will be added. Either way the definite tax is part of doing business.
One issue when it comes to taxes is the fact that there’s a health tax. “Australia’s Obesity Policy Coalition had called for the imposition of a fat tax on a range of unhealthy food items, including junk food as the country battles to keep its residents weight in check” (Sachitanand 2016). Even though McDonald’s is getting around such fast food taxes, this could very well be part of the ways that we work within the context of a tax service.

Remitted Funds
The subsidiary plans to send net cash flows back to the parent firm at the end of each year. The Australian government does not place restrictions on cash flows back to parent company, with the exception of audits in order to make certain that no money is being laundered for the purpose of terrorism, human trafficking or organized crime.
However, there should be a great deal of money that is left in the company and central office in Australia. One thing about being in Australia is that if we are going to have this many franchises in Australia, we are going to need to be able to work within the context of a central branch. This means that there should be enough money within the Australian office. However, anything that is above and beyond the needs of the immediate franchises will be remitted back on an annual basis.
Exchange rate
The spot exchange rate for an Australian dollar is $1.43 Australian dollars for every $1 U.S. dollar. This also means that 1 Australian dollar is $0.69 U.S. dollars. In the past two years, this exchange rate has been fairly consistent as the U.S. dollar has been as low as 68 cents on an Australian dollar and as high as 70 cents. The Australian dollar is a pretty stable currency. It also extends throughout the territories of Pacific Island states and abbreviated to AU. Australia used to have a pound note or an Australian pound note.
Due to the fact that the dollar is based on the metric system and easier to replace, Austrlai changed it to the dollar in 1966, The Australian dollar is the most traded currency or one of the most traded currencies due to the fact that there are high interest rates in Australia and there’s freedom in foreigh exchange. Furthermore, the Australian economy is stable.
This means that the investment in Australia will be healthy in terms of stretching the money. More importantly, there will be few surprises when it comes to the rate of return. The Australian dollar is not likely to collapse because Australia has a stable government, as opposed to the United States which is being rocked by instability and may not survive the next year.

Salvage Value
Australia will pay 40% to assume ownership of any subsidiaries at the end for four years. Assume that there will be no capital gains for subsidiaries. Most Chick-Fil-A business expenses have a high salvage value from cash registers to oil to trucks. Chick-Fil-A plans on leasing and renting most business items, but there is a high percentage of Chick-Fil-A brand items including the napkins, the cups, the tables.
The tables can be sold on the international table market. There are many Chick-Fil-A fans who really want to have the tables in their homes. The Chick-Fil-A table market is a strong one that keeps the company in a total market standard. In the future, Chick-Fil-A hopes to have a long and enduring legacy in the marketing of kitsch Chick-Fil-A brand products. Therefore it is theoretically possible that salvaged Chick-Fil-A franchises will yield a herd of investors who are eager to buy up as much Chick-Fil-A brand tables and cups as possible in order to improve their investment that will appreciate in the same way that Coca-Cola and McDonald’s related products.

Required Rate of return
Chick Fil-A should make a 10 percenter return on the first year and requires a 15 percent return on later years. Chick-Fil-A has a great market saturation in America and this is part of its strength. However, Chick-Fil-A needs time to work within the international markets. The failure of Chick-Fil-A to penetrate the British markets is part of a great deal of adjustment on the part of the company.
As Chick-Fil-A will retain its company standard as the company for evangelical Christians, it will de-emphasize the LGBT stances and emphasize the stances toward charitable giving and racial justice. This should have an impact in the Australian markets as its not entirely clear what the future will hold. Chick-Fil-A could end up giving to a charity that turns out to support conversion therapy. Chick-Fil-A could end up partnering with an author like JK Rowling or Orson Scott Card for a seemingly innocuous literacy charity only to have the author turn around and spout some seriously anti-LGBT material that will tarnish the Chick-Fil-A brand. This will be especially problematic since Chick-Fil-A operated under a cloud of anti-LGBT charitable donations for years and is trying to change its image to something less conspicuous. Every charity that Chick-Fil-A supports that is anti-LGBT adjacent will ruin the hard work of the marketing and PR departments in rebranding Chick-Fil-A as a family friendly company that might not approve of LGBT issues but certainly won’t work to end LGBT rights in the host countries.
Therefore Chick-Fil-A needs to be patient when it comes to rate of return for new ventures such as the ability of the host country to fully absorb a chicken company that is known for both a commitment to Jesus and a commitment to making the best tasting chicken sandwiches in the world. So it may not need an immediate rate of return in order to judge the Australia venture in its full complexity, but eventually it will require a rate of return consistent with the standard business practices of a chicken place that needs to sell chicken.

Analysis/Discussion Paragraph
Chick Fil-A is a juggernaut in the American fast food industry but has had trouble expanding into international businesses, partially due to its Christian branding, but also due to the ability of chicken sandwiches to translate to other cultures. Since Australia is primarily build upon European cultures, the chicken sandwich is still going to be popular. There might be a bigger risk in Australia due to the fact that since Chick-fil-A “doesn’t require candidates meet a threshold for net worth or liquid assets” (Peterson 2017). However, Chick-Fil-A has several rules that will allow for risks. Australia has a great interest in Chick-Fil-A.
Australia on the other hand, is a happy land full of kangaroos and koala bears. Granted, many of those kangaroos and koala bears spent the last few years burning up in fires but the koalas will be back. If there are no koalas in Australia, at very least Australia will receive all the benefits of a new chick restaurant.

Conclusion
With Australia, Chick-Fil-A has an unprecedented opportunity to place its market into a nation that is one of the largest growing markets. Australia has a conservative government that will create a business friendly environment while there is a definite social conservatism that will allow Chick-Fil-A to prosper due to its particular stances when it comes to family values. Finally Chick-Fil-A can help out with the fires which will go far towards placing Chick-Fil-A into a higher social standing within the nation. This will also allow the franchises to work criticism free for many years.
The world of the Chick-Fil-A is a kind world, a wonderful world. It is a world that will allow for a great deal of charity and Jesus. Australia is a wonderful place where people love chicken. They are already eating those chicken sandwiches and they are eating chicken from one Chick-Fil-A. They are the most amazing chicken eaters on the planet. They also don’t have sex with kangaroos. Our research has looked into this rumor and apparently it’s simply an urban legend started on 4chan, which is a precursor to the more 8kun board which has many of our supporters but also has some uncorroborated stories that should probably not end up on the official websites.
Our research shows that consumers are demanding the sweet sweet taste of chicken. The only chicken that comes with our wonderful world is the taste of Chick-Fil-A. Australia demands chicken. It has been devastated by fires and its leadership is sub-par and the covid-19 pandemic originally hit it hard. It was almost responsible for killing beloved movie icon Tom Hanks. So for all that time, the Chick-Fil-A brand can make a great time in the wonderful world of Australia.
Because of this demand, we believe in shock and awe. Just put a chick-fil-a in every single thoroughfare and city and city block. We can start out with these 30 stores, but we are going to win more with the powerful circus music that makes our lives so much better. The initial investment should be $4 million but if we keep pushing it we can get more out of it. We can get so much out of it. Chick-Fil-A is god. Chick-Fil-A is the only begotten son of Jesus Christ Superstar. Chick-Fil-A is a prophet venture that will bring peace and harmony and the second coming of Jesus to the world and no one has to ascend to Heaven in any cloud or rapture. We will just have that chicken for them.
The main points of the investment include the office. We need an office in Australia, maybe in Melbourne where the first Chick-Fil-A restaurant is making all the mouths water and all the women scream for the glory of the Jesus. However, we can also put the office in Sydney as that’s the capital and the opera house is really pretty. The office can be a building, but we can make due with a few floors of a building at first. We need to see where all the chicken franchises go in this monitor world. We need to marvel at the wonders of a chicken place. Make that chicken. That chicken is going to be good.
One thing that we should think about with our building is to avoid any Belko Experiment shenanigans. We need to hire the best people to work in these offices and if we are hiring the best people then we need to make sure that no one decides to lock up the building and create a battle royale scenario where we expect our employees to kill each other. That would be truly counterproductive. Granted, Chick-Fil-A has some of the most loyal and wonderful employees in the world, employees who truly know that they are going to heaven because that’s just the way that we operate in these times. So if we did ask them to kill each other for an experiment, they would certainly be armed with the knowledge that they are going to heaven.
However, the main thing is that there should be an office building or at least a few floors of an office to make certain that everything is totally working in the right way. There’s a great deal of wonderful things that we can do by making certain that there are several franchises and we can have people overlooking many of the franchises. We are going to need an army of accountants, insurance people, distribution professionals and supply chain workers.
We are also going to need some serious marketing. Australia wants Chick-Fil-A. Australia needs the godly Chicken but there is a great deal of baggage that Chick-fil-a is bring to Australia and this is going to be a great deal of issues. Australia only recently legalized same sex marriage and there might be a great deal of pushback to the same sex marriage stance, but that doesn’t mean that Chick-Fil-A should simply come into the country and assume that everyone is going to be happy with us. There was a great deal of fighting over same sex marriage and Chick-Fil-A now wants to stay out of all same sex marriage discussions. The LGBT community doesn’t like us. The anti-LGBT community loves us a little too much.
We are trying to reach out to the people who are neutral mostly about LGBT issues. They might believe in gay marriage but they don’t want to get too bent out of shape over where they eat chicken. They might not like homosexuals but they are not going to choose their chicken based on who is giving money.
Basically, we need marketing to get that Chick-Fil-A brand out. We need this marketing in order make certain that everyone knows just how special our chicken is. We are also going to make certain that the public relations is the fact that we want everyone to know that we like everyone. We will take everyone’s money.
The rate of return should be 10% the first year but we are going to be in it for the long haul. There are several costs that will have to do with operation and the ways that the franchise owners will be part of the Chick-Fil-A family. As family members, Chick-Fil-A needs to be able to work with the owners in order to help them. Chick-Fil-A needs to take care of its family and if the owners fall down, Chick-Fil-A needs to pick them up and therefore make certain that there is a fund in order to let the managers fail without falling into poverty.
Overall, this is a wonderful opportunity and an entire continent that is hungry for chicken. They want our chicken. There might be an issue of asking whether Chick-Fil-A is paying its fair share of taxes, which could arise given hostile reactions to Chick-Fil-A throughout the world. However, Chick-Fil-A is more than capable of paying a significant amount to local tax designations. The tax transparency acts of the government may prove problematic but there’s a great deal of corporate tax issues.
However, we are going to be lobbying the Australian government to make certain that we get the deal that McDonald’s got. We are a corporate body that can do anything. We have the lawyers and we have the accountants. We have the jobs. What are they going to do? Make us pay taxes? No, some socialists within the Australian community will complain about us but as long as Jeff Bezos is walking up and down in the world, we can simply sail by as a corporation that doesn’t pay taxes. There are enough tax shelters in the world that we can simply let those loopholes work in our favor.
We are working on a public relations campaign in America for our tax breaks and it’s based on the fact that Jackie Chan was also using loopholes to not pay his taxes. Jackie Chan is a beloved movie star with a lot of troubling issues in his past and present. He has many children that he never talks to. He is really the most awful neglectful dad and you would think that his illegitimate children having eventual access to his vast fortunes would make them happy but nope, they all want to have memories where they are playing catch with Jackie Chan. He was busy. He’s also in full agreement with the Chinese government as they beat the hell out of Hong Kong protesters and float conspiracy theories about the CIA being behind everything.
Still his reputation is amazing. People love Jackie Chan. They remember his dressing up like a Japanese schoolgirl in that City Hunter movie. They respect his Proejct A. They may actually see another movie where he stars with Chris Tucker. Jackie Chan doesn’t pay his taxes. Jackie Chan doesn’t let the government play with his money. So if Jackie Chan can get away with it even though he hasn’t done anything worth talking about in years, why not Chick-Fil-A a restaurant that serves delicious and tantalizing chicken. With Chick-Fil-A the ability to operate without paying taxes will be a right of passage and a privilege for the hundreds of loyal customers. Bow down to Chick-Fil-A.
The taxes are even more important because the minimum wage in Australia is $19.49 and while this is only $13.58 in American dollars, this is also a problem when it comes to making certain that we make those profits as we cannot price our chicken at a higher rate to make up for the work in our world. The Australian minimum wage is equivalent to the minimum wage in many northern states with social services, but Chick-Fil-A operates as a family business and the family knows that we are going to make soft people comfortable in the ways of the world.
So Chick-Fil-A will be making better chicken but we are going to paying more than we assume that we have to pay when we are working in the Southern United States and this means that we are going to make certain that there are oodles of fun and games. We are also certain that we can pay that 30% tax but why bother when we are growing the Australian economy.
In the wake of the covid-19 pandemic, we think that there’s an economic world just opening up and moving all the ways to the malting Matilde waltzing Matilda. Australia will come be waltzing with Chick-Fil-A.
We are certain that we are going to establish a landmark outpost in Australia. We will have some remittance that is not remittance. It will stay in Australia because we are going to make certain that there is an empire. The subsidiary plans to send net cash flows back to the parent firm at the end of each year. The Australian government does not place restrictions on cash flows back to parent company, with the exception of audits in order to make certain that no money is being laundered for the purpose of terrorism, human trafficking or organized crime.
Chick-Fil-A stands against all terrorism in every form. Some have recently accused Chick-Fil-A of supporting terrorism because of Chick-Fil-A donating to the Southern Poverty Law Center, a watchdog group that monitors hate groups throughout America and the world. The Family Research Center certainly has made a great deal out of the ways that Chick-Fil-A is no longer helping them out. However, one should note that only the most heinous individuals and groups think that the SPLC is a terrorist organization. This is a depressing thought to think that there are people out there that hate people so much that a group dedicated to ending hate is a place for terrorists.
Chick-Fil-A does not approve of prostitution. It also does not approve of human trafficking. Were Chick-Fil-A to find out that any of its restaurants were used for the trafficking of human beings, Chick-Fil-A would not profit from these trafficking. The fact that older men might use the Chick-Fil-A for a place to groom young girls and convince them to run away to the world of prostitution is something that Chick-Fil-A takes very seriously and Chick-Fil-A may have to make certain that there’s a great deal of monitoring throughout the restaurants.
Finally, there are some studies that state that Chick-Fil-A is addictive. However, Chick-Fil-A is perfectly legal and remitting the profits back to America will be ok as long as we are selling the chicken. The addictive chicken is fine. Granted, fast food restaurants are oasis locations for people to sell cocaine and marijuana in the bathroom and parking lot, but Chick-Fil-A will not share the profits with its employees. The employees will be making minimum wage so Chick-Fil-A understand that there will be enterprising young people who will make different incomes while on the job, be it cocaine sales in the parking lot or handjobs in the bathroom. Chick-Fil-A can turn a blind eye to these things because there’s a great deal of believable deniability in the actions. Chick-Fil-A believes that its employees need to be happy and fulfill their bliss whether that means screenwriting or Amway.
The exchange rate means that the minimum wage in Australia is comparable to the minimum wage in America, meaning that we are basically paying $13 for the minimum wage workers. This means that the minimum wage workers are going to have a great time in the Chick-Fil-A world because they are getting paid for the ways that we are working through the method. The equipment will be less expensive throughout the world and this means that Chick-Fil-A can definitely work within the context of an exchange rate.
We are working with the belief that these Chick-Fil-A franchises will be wildly successful but we will also be working to understand that there’s a great deal of salvage. We can convince the Australian government to buy up our offices and our equipment and our restaurants at 30% but we are Chick-Fil-A. We are going to be the place of kitsch and wonder. Our plan is to revamp the restaurant chain with slightly different images and mottos every decade. This means that every single Chick-Fil-A is going to be an icon of true and wondrous nostalgia. So if things fail we can sell all the Chick-Fil-A salt shakers and equipment to a willing group of restaurant owners and major customers.
Finally, Chick Fil-A is a juggernaut in the American fast food industry but has had trouble expanding into international businesses, partially due to its Christian branding, but also due to the ability of chicken sandwiches to translate to other cultures. Since Australia is primarily build upon European cultures, the chicken sandwich is still going to be popular. We need to make certain that Australia is the next big place for chicken sandwiches. The great actors of our generation are coming out of Australia. We want them to be able to eat a chicken sandwich closer to home.

References
Ciment S. (Jun 23, 2020). People are slamming Chick-Fil-A’s CEO for shining a black man’s shoes onstage in a bizarre display of repentance and shame. Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/chick-fil-a-ceo-criticized-shinin-black-mans-shoes-repent-2020-6

Elphick L. (Mar 5, 2019). Marriage equality was momentous, but there is still much to do to progress LGBTI + rights in Australia. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/marriage-equality-was-momentous-but-there-is-still-much-to-do-to-progress-lgbti-rights-in-australia-110786

Khadem N. (Jun 1, 2017). McDonald’s may be hit by the diverted profits tax: For now it pays low tax on royalty income. The Sidney Morning Herald.

Mehta H (Nov 18, 2019). Mike Huckabee: Chick-Fil-A is betraying customers by avoiding anti-LGBTQ groups. Friendly Atheist.

Oporto (2020) How much to own a franchise in Australia. Oporto. https://franchising.oporto.com.au/news-and-updates/faqs/how-much-to-own-a-franchise/#:~:text=Average%20Australian%20franchise%20business%20start%2Dup%20costs&text=According%20to%20the%20Franchising%20Australia,from%20%24287%2C500%20for%20retail%20franchises.

Peterson H. (Apr 22, 2017). It costs nearly nothing ot open a Chick-Fil-A but there’s a catch. Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-it-costs-to-open-a-chick-fil-a-2017-4

Sachitanand, R (Jul 17, 2016). Eight countries have declared war on junk food. The Economic Times. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/nation-world/eight-countries-that-have-declared-war-on-junk-food/slideshow/53245785.cms

Thusius A. (Jul 6, 2020). Limestone Correctional Facility employee accused of pulling gun in Madison Chick-Fil-A drive-thru. WAAY 31. https://www.waaytv.com/content/news/Limestone-Correctional-Facility-employee-accused-of-pulling-gun-in-Madison-Chick-fil-A-drive-thru--571645441.html
high school reunion

Falonne Milemba - Deadbeat Client - If you recognize the name, do not let her owe you money

Falonne Milemba was a client who still owes me $175 for the last paper. I wrote term papers for Falonne Milemba. Falonne Milemba is a cheater but I don't care about that. If you happen to hire her based on her degree, you might as well hire me since I wrote all those papers.

Anyhow here's the email chain to show that I wrote that paper and she was very demanding. Also she claimed that it was a 10 page paper only to spring the "single space" requirement. A single spaced ten page paper is 20 pages.

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Re: Can you finish it tonight?9
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falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
Tim Lieder

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 10:45 AM


Hey Tim it has to be 10 page I forgot to mention About it and when you done adding can you send the request of the money


Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
omanlieder@yahoo.com

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 11:03 AM

Single

Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
omanlieder@yahoo.com

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 2:45 PM

What you mean 20 pages page ?

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falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
omanlieder@yahoo.com

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 3:30 PM

What time can I get it ?

Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
omanlieder@yahoo.com

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 10:20 PM

Ok, thanks.

Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
omanlieder@yahoo.com

Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 11:18 PM


Are you done


Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
Tim Lieder

Wed, Jul 8, 2020 at 12:38 AM

Ok

Show original message


falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
Tim Lieder

Wed, Jul 8, 2020 at 1:57 AM

You never sent it

Show original message






falonne mile <falonne18@gmail.com>
To:
Tim Lieder

Wed, Jul 8, 2020 at 10:04 AM

It’s not 10 pages it’s only 8?

Show original message
PIGGY!!!!

Books read in 2021 # 24-28 - These books have nothing to do with each other

24. The Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds by Paul Zindel - usually when I write reviews, I like to put them around a theme. The artificial attempt to draw parallels between different texts is a game that I rather enjoy. This time I'm stumped. Seriously, these books are noir detective, family play, graphic novel about graphic novels, James Baldwin and a book that I bought because I loved the HBO miniseries. Maybe the first and the last one can be about mothers. Maybe I can talk about parents for four of the five books but either way, these are seriously different books that are only tied together by the fact that there was Shavuot last week and I had two full days not to do work, but just read.

So this one pissed me off. I also think it's the first Paul Zindel book I've ever read. He seems to have a knack for giving bizarro titles to pretty normal Young Adult novels. I always had them. I always saw them. I never read them. I don't think I read them. I think that I started one that was basically Rear Window but I didn't finish it.

I finished this one and seriously FUCK this shit. It's basically about a bipolar mother with two daughters - one is bipolar as well and the other one is just kind of trying to avoid these people. The shy daughter enters a science contest. Her sister makes their mother feel bad. The mother kills the bunny. The end.

And to make matters strange, Zindel said he wrote this as a comedy and it reminded him of his own mother. Granted if I was writing a play about mothers I would also have a bipolar mother in the thing. But killing the bunny seemed cheap.

25. Everyman's Library: Dashiell Hammett: The Dain Curse, the Glass Key and Selected Stories - This involves many short stories with the Continental Op, a fat easy going detective who keeps getting betrayed by those closest to him. In these stories, I was surprised by how funny Dashiell Hammett is. Walter Rawlins described his two main mystery series as a Tragedy disguised as a detective series and a comedy disguised as a detective series. I was primed for some Raymond Chandler despair, meditation on death and doom. Instead I laughed through it.

THe last book in the collection is The Glass Key which is the basis for Miller's Crossing but unlike the Gabriel Byrne character, this guy is just going to keep getting the shit kicked out of him. Still I heard Gabriel Byrne throughout, even as there was actually a mystery about who killed the son of the Senator even as there are dozens of mobsters trying to take over so it's hardly noticeable.

26.Understanding COmics by Scott McCloud - I may have to buy this and keep reading it because I don't quite get everything or more importantly, I keep getting my mind blown by discussions of what the brain does when confronted with margin transitions, types of art (realistic vs. cartoon) and the ways that art is what we do when we're not busy trying to survive and reproduce. I'm sure somewhere someone has written blog posts about every chapter. Definitely go find that after you read this.

27.Notes of a Native Son by James Baldwin - so I just shoved five books together in one entry and at least three of the books could get multiple posts, essays and academic papers. James Baldwin is one of the most important writers of the 20th century so what the hell can I add. And many of the essays in this book are about Native Son, which he disputes but also can't get away from. Although the best essay "Notes of a Native Son" is about how his father was twisted and stunted by systemic racism and how this affected him with an empathy that takes decades to obtain. Also great stories about France.

28. Olive Kitteredge by Elizabeth Stout - I probably shouldn't have bought the sequel. It can't be nearly as good especially since Olive is old by the end of this so it can't jump decades like this book. This book makes me love it because it is similar to something I'm trying (and also Love & Rockets) where all the short stories are about one town and while Olive shows up in almost every single one of them, she's only a main character in about half. In other ones characters remember her as an English teacher and end up talking to her on the lowest points in their lives. One of my favorites, Starving, involves a Hardware store owner (I think) getting caught up in the drama of a young couple, particularly the girl who is dying of anorexia. While he's more focused on leaving his wife or at very least shacking up with a fuck buddy turned full mistress, Olive and his girlfriend try to save the anorexic girl, but they don't. Olive is a fascinating character because she's written to be a very aggressive stubborn woman (ok, a bitch, she's a bitch - very few characters don't feel intimidated by her) and yet the sympathy is with her. Even in stories where other characters encounter her. Like one about an old married couple enjoying passing the high passion part of their marriage, only for the wife to learn that her husband actually went down to see his mistress (these old couples do like to cheat on each other). When they see Olive, they both ask why her husband puts up with her and it takes the wife a boring talk with an idiot couple to realize that Henry loves Olive.

SO anyhow, the style and the structure really carries this book. http://www.patreon.com/timlieder
Teddy Bear

Books read in 2021 # 21-23 - Graphic novels

21. The Cartoon History of the Universe vol 1 by Larry Gonick - I re-read these books all the time. Yet I don't look up my assumption that the book on the history of Greece from after the Persian War to Alexander was written first. The inking and the drawings are so different that it has to have been the chapter the inspired the rest of the book. Nominally I'm a little sad that Gonick hasn't done more cartoon histories since he could definitely focus on more material, but this is the standard "Western" history (after the first two chapters on Evolution and early civilizations to the collapse of the Bronze Age) and as such, it's going to talk about the history that you get in the average suburban high school - except for the Bible stuff which has too much baggage (see every rant I ever go on about the Bible being great literature hobbled by idiots who praise it without actually reading the fucking thing. Or buy my books). Yet, it still colors in a lot more than you would ever learn in high school. I'm actually still happy that he includes the Philistines getting hemorrhoids. Discovering that there's butt humor in the Bible made me want to become Jewish. Ok, that's not the reason I gave to any rabbi or annoying Shabbos guest. Anyhow I don't know what else to say except I definitely will read it again.

22. The Umbrella Academy vol 3: Hotel Oblivion by Gerard Wray (Way?) and Gabriel Bo - speaking of reading a book again, I didn't get this one. I mean I liked it and the plot is simple enough. Everyone has to come together because somehow all the Hotel Oblivion prisoners get free and cause some shit. They are rescued by the Sparrow Academy which is the alternate academy. But there are many details that I just don't get. Why is Rumor giving dollhouses to her daughter and seemingly forgetting about them? Who are all the side characters? What are the regular characters planning?

MOstly I'm wondering if this got more complicated or if it was always complicated but in the first two volumes I had the television show to provide a basis. THe television show departed a great deal from the comic but at very least the broad strokes were there. This one is just out there and I need to read it again.

23. Ms. Marvel: Stormranger by Saladin Ahmed, Minkyu Jung and Joey Vazquez - I finally like Saladin Ahmed's writing on this thing. In the first few stories, he seemed to be floudering and trying to do things with the character that didn't quite work, including a cosmic adventure that suggested that Kamala was the chosen one but turned out to be a regular Kree thing that she kind of fit (so like Dune where Paul Atreides was the Chosen One because the Bene Gesserit planted the prophecies in the Fremen culture in order to ready them for Bene Gesserit travelers) but it was a lot of meh. The first story in this one made me think that he was trying to copy Wilson with more stories about tech douchebags and old enemies who were mostly fellow teenagers who were misunderstood.

But when it came time for Dr. Strange to operate on her father it became something special. I think maybe I'm saying that because my mom died last year and I do have a great deal of experience dealing with ailing parents, but it also felt like he was digging into the characters. Granted, the operation is supposed to be the B-plot subservient to a repetition of the black costume story from SPiderman where the new suit is a Kree weapon that she has to stop (there are different details and she actually works to stop it instead of just trying to get rid of it). That's fine, but definitely the family stuff and the Bruno plot are the heart of the story.

So cool. Saladin Ahmed is getting the hang of Kamala Khan. Makes me hopeful for her in the movies. http://www.patreon.com/timlieder
high school reunion

Books read in 2021 # 19 & 20 - I finished reading these books on a job

19. Daughter of Deceit by Victoria Holt - Victoria Holt is the pen name of an author that I should know better. I forgot her name. Jean Pliady was another pseudonym. She had several. She wrote under Victoria Holt when she was making Gothic romances. Although she also wrote a book about one of Queen Elizabeth's court ladies (the one that married Dudley) so I don't know how gothic. I read Victoria Holt and at first I think I'm going to put it down since even though I have expanded my reading habits and have made an effort to read more women writers (something that I realized I needed to do when I was reading six books at the same time and every single one was by a man and I hadn't remembered the last woman writer that I had read), romance novels about women dealing with multiple family issues are NOT MY KIND OF BOOK.

Yet, I've read two and I loved both of them. In this one, the plot twists are practically announced at the beginning. The son of her mother's "friend" is going to turn out to be her secret brother. The woman who almost gets run over by her mother's carriage is going to turn out to be the one poisoning her mother. Her mother will die around page 70. Yet, the writing is so great that I can't stop reading it. It's got the "I gotta keep reading" approach and it moves from one plot twist to the next with ease even as the characters are stock characters.

20. The Thirteen Problems by Agatha Christie - At best Agatha Christie writes intricate puzzles full of fascinating characters who say way more about the English class system than they do about their lives. At worst, the puzzle is the main thing. The worst Agatha Christie stories involves just going through the motions. Ok, the worst Agatha Christie book I read was one where i figured out the mystery 60 pages before then end. Then the characters just seemed very stupid.

This is a strange one because it's a collection of 13 short stories where Miss Marple figures them out. Most of them involve a character presenting the mystery and then Miss Marple just stating outright that the killer was this one. There are some variations. In one the actress turns out to be planning a jewelry heist. In another Miss Marple tells how she figured out a murder when she was trying to stop it. So every story feels like Agatha Christie was planning something bigger and had to go with the shorter form. http://www.patreon.com/timlieder
high school reunion

Books read in 2021 # 17 & 18 - Reliable Authors

17. The Darkest Part of the Forest by Holly Black - My bookshelf is filled with books that I grab when I feel like I need to read something that is going to make me happy - or at very least is going to make me enjoy reading again. Terry Pratchett, NK Jemisin and Holly Black are among those books. And since I'm slogging through The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (the Christian chapters are particularly odious) I'm so happy to read this book. Holly Black has interesting characters, tight plotting and a clean writing style (YA authors really need to make the complicated seem simple).

I don't know the references to the previous Fairy books. I liked those books but I don't remember the characters as much as I want. A fairy prince is caught in glass and the whole town is on the edge of a fairy land with all the humans certain that they are fine - not like the tourists who keep getting sacrificed or turned into stone. Actually the people transformed into stone might be part of another series since that never gets resolved. Anyhow, this one has a brother and sister who have either made deals with fairies or got changed by fairies before they had a decision and their work within the fairy realm becomes even more complicated.

Damnit. It's much harder to write reviews of books that I like. It's also harder to write reviews of books where I don't want to spoil them. So I'll leave it at where you pretty much know - the prince gets freed. No one knows why. The siblings have something to do with it. Just read the damn book.

18. Trashed by Derf Backderf - I was recently shocked to find out that Backderf's weekly strip only started in 1990. I thought it had been around. His transition to graphic novel writer came soon afterwards when he wrote a 22-page comic published by I don't know who called "My Friend Jeffrey Dahmer". I think that's how it goes. I really should look up his Wikipedia. I think that he wrote full graphic novels about growing up in Ohio and going to punk shows before tackling a long graphic novel of My Friend Dahmer - which is probably going to be his most popular book.

This is more of a second tier fan love kind of book. A deep cut. After My Friend Dahmer and the Kent State book, this feels less immediate and less dramatic. It's about trash collection, how trash collectors relate to the rest of the town, how they spend their days in dangerous filthy jobs and the politics of trash collection where even though every place has a NIMBY, that dump has to go somewhere. And even when they close them up, the dump still releases methane gas. Best bit is the fact that many dumps are buried under golf courses and even though they have valves to release the gas so it doesn't build up and blow up, well one can hope. The art is still the Derf square jaw crazy eye style that he originally used satirically in his weekly strip. http://www.patreon.com/timlieder
Spinning Tardis

Books Read in 2021 # 14-16 - Once were Popular

14. The Outcasts of Poker Flats and Other Stories by Bret Harte - I know I have this book (which I either took from a free lobby or bought with a lot of books from Ebay) because of the title story. I got some nostalgia for being on the crew for a high school one act in a one act festival. I was backstage as my friends used some of the corniest fake accents to pass the time until everyone died (I should not mock them as I would soon get cast as Bob Ewell in To Kill a Mockingbird and holy shit I hope that my bullshit Southern accent is not saved for posterity). But anyhow, a bunch of outcasts end up snowed in at a cabin and they die. I remember all of them dying but it looks like one of them managed to steal all the food and take off. Which means that he didn't die.

Which leads to the problem with these stories. Bret Harte is too eager to end a story by killing someone. And that gives me the negative nostalgia class for a fellow creative writing student who also always killed someone. Luck of the Camp is about a camp that helps a woman give birth and then uses the baby as a good luck charm. The baby dies in the floods. There's one about a newspaperman who practically adopts a Chinese kid and then the kid dies in the anti-Asian riots. The same characters show up in different stories but they don't really make much of an impression. Yuba Jack is the driver. Oakhurst is a gambler.

This is one of those books that's interesting because it kind of set the template for westerns but it's not terribly great on its own. However, knowing that Mark Twain hated this guy is kind of funny.

15. Chess by Stefan Zweig - I very much suspect that the main thing Wes Anderson got out of Stefan Zweig for Grand Budapest Hotel is the bummer ending leaving the audience with the feeling like everything is lost. And damn Zweig's biography is sad enough. Granted German Jewish writer in the early 20th century is never going to be happy, but until he was in his 50s, he was on top of the world. He was one of the most popular writers in Germany. Then he spent the last decade of his life trying to get away from the Nazis and then when he was safe in Argentina, he killed himself. In 1942, I suspect he just didn't want to see any more.

And this is a posthumous novella about a chess champion on a ship sailing for Argentina. It is only when the chess champion gets paid to win against several passengers that the actual story comes into focus. Another passenger has memorized many chess games because that's the only book he managed to get when the Nazis were holding him prisoner. So it's about survivor's guilt and the madness of interrogation, from the perspective of a character who has seen his entire world overthrown in a few years. It's pretty intense and brilliant.

16. The Walking Dead vol 32: Rest in Peace by Robert Kirkman, etc. - So that's it. I rather admire how Kirkman just ended the thing and then admits that the original ending was an edgelord bullshit ending where Rick gives a speech about staying in Alexandria, cut to Rick's statue but surrounded by zombies. And definitely, I got bored with the book when it was all about a bunch of survivors who kept coming to safe places and then losing them. In fact, re-reading the whole thing gives one a feeling of "come on, bring in Negan". And I've said it before but Negan is the true heart of the series. Once Negan shows up, the series becomes fun and compelling. Then he leaves and it feels like an afterthought.

With Negan the series changed from a story about survival to one about rebuilding society. As many classical Chinese texts stress, society falls apart and comes back together (ok that's the theme of Three Kingdoms) and you can't always get the best people when it comes to building everything back again (which is a nice way of interpreting Hero - the bad way is that it's the CCP telling Taiwan to just STFU and join them). Negan is evil but he's also the most successful leader in the series. Bringing everyone together to fight Negan means that they come together.

Kirkman also admits that he was trying to avoid the ending but everything felt like a side quest, which is exactly how I was experiencing the book. Like holy fuck get on with it.

So this ending - one last fight against a corrupt and power hungry governor, but also with respect to the social order she built. Then Rick gets killed and we jump ahead about 30 years to Carl as an older man with a family. The main tension is Carl killing off the zombies that Darryl's son is using as a side show. Darryl's son is not happy and even tells Carl that he was showing off the zombies because it made him feel close to his dad. It's a nice moment because it undercuts a lot of the self-righteous perspective of the characters (Rick isn't exactly the hero Carl is depicting when he talks to his daughter). So it ends with Carl reading a book about the zombies to his daughter and that's it. Everything is restored. Society is strong again.

Michonne reads the back cover blurb for reasons. But she's also a judge now so that's nice. http://www.patreon.com/timlieder
high school reunion

Books read in 2021 # 12 & 13 - Disappointed by Aubrey Sitterson

12. No One Left to Fight by Aubrey Sitterson, Fico Ossio & Taylor Esposito - Who the fuck are these people? Seriously, who the fuck are these people? This whole fucking book is written as if it had a superfan audience member in mind the whole time so when one character is dying and another character won't stop having bullshit temper tantrums over not getting the credit he deserves, you're supposed to feel like this is based on a long back story. The back cover says that it's for any fans of Dragon Ball, so I wanted to think that they were Dragon Ball characters but I don't think they were.

It's like that fucking Veronica Mars movie that had so much fan service no one who hadn't watched every season repeatedly and obsessively was lost. There were articles on why it matters that Weevil gets arrested and let loose and why that one non-entity boyfriend is at the beginning only to be swiftly dumped enroute to her hometown. I was a fan of the series. I posted so many links and sent so many clips to people hoping that they got excited for it that I should have been the target market, but I was lost. I had to look up the VM wiki to find out that the murder victim was the same one that accused the teacher of getting her pregnant in season 1 or 2. And then that spoiled the whole movie for me (the fact that Martin Starr was in the thing acting like everyone knew him was already the Law & Order celebrity-is-killer spoiler).

Unlike Veronica Mars, there's nothing before this fucking graphic novel. It's just five issues of a lot of characters with backstories that you are going to find out about through exposition and "hey remember when we..." dialogue. But that doesn't replace story telling. So when the big hero from the war with monsters visits the married couple, we are supposed to sympathize with the husband being a fucking rage monster over his kids liking Vale better. When they visit their old master, the woman hitting on Vale is supposed to be an emotional beat but it's an awkward "well let's be friends" conversation. But so what? And then they fight the final boss and the wife steps up - hero moment - but who the fuck is she? She's just there and then she's a hero because the plot calls for it. Then the last part states that Vale is dying. So please ask your comic book store to order many copies so we can keep this fucking bullshit comic going.

The art is cool though.

13. Scarlett's Strike Force by Aubrey Sitterson, Daniel & Kyriazis - GI JOE!!!!! Fighting stuff!!! With Transfomers because we got toys to sell. Whole thing is a big mess. I don't remember what happens. I don't care what happens. It's just a lot of flexing and OMG look at the toys. Boring.



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